LocationFirst aid advice » Bleeding
1. If there is an object embedded in the wound, control bleeding by pressing firmly on either side of the object, do not remove or press the object, otherwise apply direct pressure to the wound.
2. Prevent/treat shock by lying the casualty down with their feet raised (if possible).
3. If the casualty has a head injury, lay them down and slightly raise their head and shoulders (unless you suspect spinal trauma, in which case keep them still).
4. Apply a dressing firmly to control bleeding. Be careful it is not so tight it restricts circulation.
5. If blood comes through the dressing apply another on top.
6. If blood seeps through this too, remove both dressings and re-apply a new sterile dressing using direct pressure to the wound.
7. Support the injured area in a raised position.
8. Seek medical attention if you are unable to stop the bleeding or the casualty goes into shock.
9. Keep the casualty warm by lying them on a blanket or some other item.
Knowing what to do in the vital few minutes of an emergency is critical.
The official St John Wales app contains simple step-by-step advice on dealing with injuries such as severe bleeding, burns, scalds and choking, while also giving advice on how to give CPR and other treatments.
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Your free guide includes first aid advice for choking, severe bleeding, fractures and unconscious casualties.